Constitution, functions and finance of Indian municipalities. by Khushal Talaksi Shah Download PDF EPUB FB2
Additional Physical Format: Online version: Shah, K.T. (Khushal Talaksi). Constitution, functions and finance of Indian municipalities.
Bombay, Indian Newspaper Co. Constitution also indirectly incorporates and mandates certain aspects that are also of importance to municipal powers and functions.
For clarification purposes, the various direct and indirect requirements will be discussed separately. Direct constitutional directives regarding municipal powers and functions.
as Urban Local Bodies (Municipalities). Local Government is a State subject figuring as item 5 in Constitution II of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India. Article G of the Indian Constitution enshrines the basic principle for devolution of power to the File Size: KB.
nature of the Indian Constitution is the powers of intervention in the affairs of states given to the Central Government by the Constitution. According to Ware– “in practice the constitution of India is quasi-federal in nature and not strictly federal” Sir Jennings was of the view that India has ‘a federation with strong center policy’.
Indian Constitution in was prompted by developmental concerns, while the extensive protection of local self-government in the South African Constitution of was the result of both democratic and developmental goals. Similar sentiments informed the entrenchment of local government as an order of government in the Nigerian Constitution File Size: KB.
‘Power’ has been defined as – “the legal right or authorization to act or not to act; an ability conferred on a person by law to alter, by an act of will, the rights, duties, liabilities and other relations, either of that person or another”  On the other hand, the term ‘Function’ has been defined as ‘the duty of the office’.
[At the outset, the researcher would like to. municipalities of their functions in respect of matters listed in Schedules 4 and 5, by regulating the exercise by municipalities of their executive authority referred to in section (1). Powers and functions of municipalities (1) A municipality has executive authority in respect of, and has the right to Constitution.
The definitions of powers and functions in the Constitution and Municipal Structures Act (M.S.A.) are provided in Schedule 4, Part B and Schedule 5, Part B of the former, and in Section 84 of the latter.
However, as the U.W.C. Community Law Centre point out in their study for the Board, these are relatively broad definitions, and they can be. Municipalities are instruments of government subject at all times to the control of the legislature with respect to their duration, powers, rights, and property[ii].
It is a basic principle of law of municipal corporations that such corporations possess and can legally exercise only. Would you like to get the full Thesis from Shodh ganga along with citation details. The evolution of the Panchayati Raj System, however, got a fillip after the attainment of independence after the drafting of the Constitution.
The Constitution of India in Article 40 enjoined: “The state shall take steps to organise village panchayats and endow them with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function.
(This is the second post in the series of posts on the Municipal Finance Scenario in India. In this post, we discuss the functions devolved to ULBs as per the 74th Constitutional Amendment.
We also discuss briefly the capabilities of ULBs to carry out these functions successfully.) The 74th Constitutional Amendment Act (CAA) I incorporated. Functions of DPC. The Constitution of India provides the DPCs two specific responsibilities.
In preparing the draft development plan, the DPC shall have regard to matters of common interest between the Panchayats and the Municipalities including spatial planning, sharing of water and other physical and natural resources, the integrated development of infrastructure and environmental.
continuance of functions. jurisdiction and powers of—in respect of matters in List I. Sch. VII, List I other than High Courts and Supreme Court, constitution and organisation of.
Sch. VII, List II The constitution replaced the Government of India Act, as the country’s fundamental governing document, and the Dominion of India became the Republic of India.
Declaration of the constitution: The constitution declares India is a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic, assuring its citizen’s justice, equality and liberty. Constitutional bodies in India are the permanent or semi-permanent organizations, within the machinery of the organizations gain power directly from the Constitution of India and have extensive administrative functions to perform.
They are of national importance and help in the effective functioning of the government. Powers and Functions of President in India The primary duty of the President is to preserve, protect and defend the constitution and the law of India as made part of his oath (Article 60 of Indian constitution).
The President is the common head of all independent constitutional entities. All his actions, recommendations (Article 3. Features of Indian Constitution India is an independent land which is made up of 7 territories and 25 states.
Although a member of Commonwealth Nations, India does not recognize British as a ruler. First citizen of country is President and practical head of government body is Prime Minister.
The 22 parts of our Constitution are as follows: Part I The Union And Its Territory Art.() Part II Citizenship. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. INDIAN HISTORY GENERAL KNOWLEDGE MORE HISTORY GK GEOGRAPHY GENERAL KNOWLEDGE MORE GEOGRAPHY GK CURRENT AFFAIRS Weekly/Monthly Current Affairs INDIAN CONSTITUTION GK MORE INDIAN CONSTITUTION GK NATIONAL PARKS State Wise National Parks WORLD GENERAL KNOWLEDGE MORE WORLD GK STATE OF INDIA AT A GLANCE MORE STATE HERE MCQ FOR COMPETITIVE EXAMS PRACTICE MORE MCQs NCERT/CBSE BOOKS.
MUNICIPAL FINANCE MANAGEMENT ACT. (b) in relation to a municipal entity, means the ofticia1 of the entity referred to in and includes a person acting as the accounting officer; “allocation”, in relation to a municipality, means- (a) a municipality’s share of the local government‘s equitable referred to.
Local government in India refers to governmental jurisdictions below the level of the is a federal republic with three spheres of government: central, state and local.
The 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments give recognition and protection to local governments and in additional each state has its own local government legislation. State Finance Commission meaning: The Indian Constitution makers envisioned a two-tier democratic system with a strong federal government at the centre and states as its units.
The Local Government: Municipal Finance Management Act 56 of intends: to secure sound and sustainable management of the financial affairs of municipalities and other institutions in the local sphere of government; to establish treasury norms and standards for the local sphere of government; and; to provide for matters connected therewith.
A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state.
The term is used to contrast with offices at state level, which are referred to as the central government, national government, or (where appropriate) federal government and also to supranational government which deals with governing.
All the 22 or 25 parts of the constitutions of India are very important for all types of competitive examinations like Banking, railways, CGL, SSC, MTS, UPSC, IAS Railway, Banking PO etc. So you have to remember all these parts for general knowledge.
The constitution is the fundamental law of a country which ordains the fundamental principles on which the government of that country is based. When two municipalities have the same fiscal powers and functions with regard to the same area, an appropriate division of those powers and functions must be made in terms of national legislation.
The division may be made only after taking into account at least the following criteria: a. The need to comply with sound principles of taxation. Know the recommendations of the 15th Finance Commission. The Finance Commission (FC) is constituted by the President of India every fifth year under Article of the Constitution.
The Fifteenth Finance Commission (XV-FC) was constituted in November to give recommendations for vertical and horizontal devolution of taxes for five fiscal years, commencing 1 April Chairman Message. The Finance Commission is a Constitutionally mandated body that is at the centre of fiscal federalism.
Set up under Article of the Constitution, its core responsibility is to evaluate the state of finances of the Union and State Governments, recommend the sharing of taxes between them, lay down the principles determining the distribution of these taxes among States.
The measures needed to augment the Consolidated Fund of a State to supplement the resources of the Panchayats and Municipalities in the State; 4.
Any other matter referred to the Commission by the President in the interest of sound finance Conclusion: In India, the Centre-States relations constitute the core elements of the federalism. panchayat / municipal finance have sound legal and auditing underpinnings. The paper marshals evidence that, with community-based mecha-nisms of transparency and accountability, the hard budget constraint is strengthened, not undermined by fis-cal devolution.
In the absence of transfer of financial powers (including revenue raising) and untied.History of Indian Constitution – Government of India Act (Montague-Chelmsford Reforms) Central and provincial subjects were separated.
Diarchy was introduced in the provincial governments with executive councillors being in charge of the reserved list and the ministers in charge of the transferred list of subjects. Chapter V under Part V of the Indian Consitution deals with the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India (CAG).
CAG is responsible for auditing the accounts of the Union and State governments and public sector organizations, and for maintaining the accounts of State governments. The reports of the CAG are taken into consideration by the Public Accounts Committees.